Bens-Jamin Auerbach (soldiersinarow) wrote in cgi_sophomores,
Bens-Jamin Auerbach

This is me doing Number 1. Shaina must have forgot. Um, I am pretty sure this is it. And Colin did 8 as well. there are previous posts. Be sure to look at the bottom for past 20 or so and you can see what has been posted: Just in case. So Me, Ben Schorr, and Colin stayed up and each took a couple extras to do. Well this was fun. Hope it's not too late for some of you. Good luck, and thanks again for the people who DID send theirs in. Good night. Ugh.

1: Rush-Bagot Agreement: Because of the war of 1812, Canadian patriotism and nationalism also recieved a powerful stimulus. Many Canadians felt betrayed because of the Treaty of Ghent. They were especially aggrieved by the failure to secure an Indian buffer state or even mastery of the Ghent lakes. Canadians fully expected the frustrated Yankees to return, and for a time the Americans and British engaged in a floating arms race (race to build ships) on the Great Lakes. But in 1817, the Rush-Bagot Agreement between Britain and the United States severly limited naval armament on the Lakes. Better relations brought the last border fortifications down in the 1870's. {So this basically was a ceasefire agreement at the border? Or just a disarmament of naval ships.}

5: Oregon Territory: Early in 1818, Jackson swept across the Florida border with all the fury of an avenging angel. He hanged two indian chiefs without ceremony and, after hasty military trials, executed two British subjects for assisting the Indians. He also siezed the two most important Spanish posts in the area. Jackson had clearly exceeded his instructions from Washington. Alarmed, President Monroe consulted his cabinet. Its members were for disavowing or disciplining the overzealous Jackson--all except John Quincy Adams. An ardent patriot and nationalist, the flinty New Englander took the offensive and demanded huge concessions from Spain. In the mislabled Florida Purchase, Spain ceded Florida as well as shadowy Spainish claims to Oregon, in exchange for America's abandonment of equally murky claims to Texas, soon to become independant Mexico. The hitherto vague western boundary of Louisiana was made to run zigzag along the Rockies to the fourty second parallel and then to turn due west to the Pacific, dividing Oregon from Spanish holdings.

8) Stephen Austin: Austin’s father Moses travelled to San Antonio and gained a grant of land in the Spanish territory of Texas, with the intention of settling U.S. families in Mexico. Austin was reluctant to join the Texas venture, but he obtained a loan to help support his father's venture. In 1821 Austin’s father died.Austin's plan for a colony was thrown into turmoil by the independence of Mexico from Spain in 1821. Many laws were passed by Mexico and eventually the new country allowed Austin to have his grant and settle famalies on his land. By late 1825, Austin had brought the first 300 families. Despite his hopes Austin was making little money from his colonists who were unwilling to pay for his services.

With the colonists numbering over 11,000 by 1832 the colonists weren’t listening to Austin's cautious leadership as much. Also, the Mexican government was also becoming less cooperative. Mexico itslef was concerned with the growth of the colony and the efforts of the US government to buy the state from them. Because of this Austin then felt compelled to involve himself in Mexican politics, supporting the upstart Antonio López de Santa Anna. Following the success of Santa Anna the colonists sought a compensatory reward, proclaimed at the Convention of 1832. Texas gained resumption of immigration, tariff exemption, separation from Coahuila, and a new state government for Texas. Austin was not in favour of these demands, he considered them ill-timed and tried his hardest to moderate them. Austin was arrested in January 1834 as he tried to get the Mexican gov to change the laws; he was not tried and was finally released, returning to Texas in August 1835. In his absence the colonists had not softened their stance; war began in October at Gonzales. Austin was appointed commissioner to the US by the provisional government. He stood for election in the newly independent Republic of Texas in September 1836 and was defeated. He was made Secretary of State, but soon fell ill and died.

19:Stephen Kearny:
In August of 1846 he led a formidable force of 1700 men to Santa Fe and easily took the outpost. About one year later he took one hundred men on to San Diego. He did not make it there with one hundred men but with aid from naval reinforcements he was able to take the city and Los Angeles. As General he took command as Governor of the territory and this angered the naval admiral Stockton who quickly appointed Fremont as Governor. Kearny appealed to Washington and soon became the rightful governor

20: Battle of Buena Vista: The Battle of Buena Vista was a land battle of the Mexican-American War fought on the 23 and 22 of February 1847 in Buena Vista, Coahuila. On these days approximately 20,000 soldiers of the Mexican Army under Gen. Antonio López de Santa Anna attacked a United States Army force of approximately 5,000 soldiers under Gen. Zachary Taylor. Though numerically the Mexican army was much greater than the US army the U.S. army, using heavy artillery, successfully repulsed the Mexican attack on their position. After this battle the moral of the American soldiers was especially high and they caried this momentum throughout the rest of the war.

20: Here in this town within Mexico General Zachary Taylor led his 5000 men against Santa Anna's army of 14000 Mexican troops. The Americans used their large numbers of artillery pieces in order to turn back the Mexicans and with great avail. Soon Santa Anna's men were beaten and by nightfall the battle had ended.

Battle of vera cruz(22)

During this battle General Scott took 13,660 men in the army's first naval amphibious assault to the city of Ver Cruz. There the Mexican Commandante Juan Morales left his 4300 men behind the city walls. Scott chose to besiege the city and it eventually fell on March 1847 without more than 100 casualties between both sides.

25:Gadsden Purchase:
an intercontinental railroad was necessary to connect the east with the far west of the continental United States. The South aimed to take control of this project in hopes of achieving some economic boost from this transportation. James Gadsden was appointed minister to Mexico, as he was already a prominent railroad man in South Carolina. Gadsden negotiated for the area roughly the size of South Carolina and a treaty that signed the territory over for 10 million dollars was made in 1853. This treaty managed to provide organization in New Mexico and prompted the North to move towards organization in the Nebraska territory. This Purchase progressed in many ways the creation of the remaining states in the continental US

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