Bens-Jamin Auerbach (soldiersinarow) wrote in cgi_sophomores,
Bens-Jamin Auerbach

Patrick has just learned how to post, so he will post his soon. Post as in Edit his, so keep on the look-out. Here's Sarah's and Cora's.

4.  The Monroe Doctrine: a "personalized statement of the policy of President Monroe." (The American Pageant) It was created in a burst of nationalism and when Secretary Adams convinced Monroe that the U. S. should not form an alliance with Britain. The "doctrine" was not actually written, but a part of Monroe's State of the Union address on December 2, 1823. It was an admonition to Europe that had two parts: noncolonization and nonintervention. Monroe first stated that the Americas were now closed to colonization. (This was primarily directed at Russia in the Northwest.) He went on to warn European monarchs to stay in their own hemisphere. (He was primarily concerned about the infant Spanish-American republics.) The Monroe Doctrine created much anger in Europe. Monroe could talk the talk, but Europeans knew he was lacking in military strength. However, with Britain's protection (it was vital to England's economy to keep markets open in South America) there was nothing they could do. The Doctrine had little effect on America's southern neighbors. Essentially, the Monroe Doctrine had no power; Americans supported it, and then it was forgotten. Despite his noncolonization and nonintervention warnings, Monroe was mostly concerned only with the U.S.'s security. However, it is an excellent representation of our strong post-1812 nationalism and it (falsely) convinced Americans that we were safe from Europe just because we wanted to be.

21: John C. Fremont- A dashing and adventurous explorer, John C. Fremont won California territory for the Americans. When the war broke out, Fremont was already in California with a force of men. In 1846, he worked with the locals and naval officers to help overthrow Mexican rule. John C. Fremont was later known as the "Pathfinder of the West."

13: Webster-Ashburton Treaty- In the nineteenth century, the "Third War with England" broke out. This was a war of words. The two nations mocked each other in writing and in cartoons. The hostility grew when Canada conducted a short-lived insurrection in 1837, and the British burned an American steamer, the Caroline. In the early 1840s, conflict arose due to disputes over the boundary of Maine. Both sides called in their local militias. The small-scaled fight was dubbed the "Aroostock War." In 1842, the London Foreign Office asked Lord Ashburton, the husband of a wealthy American woman, to negotiate with the Americans in Washington. Ashburton soon gained the friendship of Secretary Webster. The two diplomats reached an agreement on the Maine boundary. The United States received 7,000 of the 12,000 square miles in dispute in the Webster-Asburton Treaty. The British got the Halifax-Quebec route, which they had wanted as a defensive measure against any American hostilities. Another term was snuck into this treaty. The British gave up about 6,500 square miles of territory when the US-Canadian border was redefined. This territory was later found to contain the Mesabi iron core of Minnesota.

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